This is book 3, a book on competitive displacements.
Being positive, optimistic, future-oriented, and empowered, is not about being happy. It’s about being effective.For as long as I can remember, my default setting has been happy but unsatisfied. That’s how I am wired; it’s my DNA. However, I don’t believe that being positive and optimistic is what will make you happy. The evidence, as far as I can tell, suggests that it is something different that gives people a feeling of satisfaction with their life. That something is progress.B+The practicality of being positive is that it’s a more effective mindset than negative. A positive attitude allows you to produce better results, including the better results you produce for and with other people. There is no premium paid for possessing a negative attitude. Because a negative view doesn’t serve you, it’s impractical, expensive, and debilitating. Negativity is an anchor. It’s a drag on progress.Believe in EventuallyWhen it comes to optimism, I look to Winston Churchill, who said, “Success is going from failure to failure with no loss of enthusiasm.” I know many people want to suggest that they’re a “realist.” That’s the excuse they manufacture so they don’t have to do what is necessary to make progress. It’s a way to absolve themselves of responsibility, and perhaps a way to prevent themselves from feeling bad when dealing with the failures that always precede progress. Optimism is practical. It’s a belief system that sustains your willingness to continue to make progress, succeeding eventually.Do Today What You Want TomorrowThe opposite of being future-oriented is being oriented to the “now” or to the past. I’ve personally studied with two Zen masters. I have a relatively well-developed sense of mindfulness. When I’m washing dishes, I can wash dishes. This is to say that your mind isn’t in either the future or the past, it’s in the flow state giving yourself over to whatever it is that you are doing. This is different from having a “now” orientation. A now-orientation for most people means that they seek comfort and entertainment now, rather than doing the work necessary to make progress on the things that will give them the life that they want. Having an orientation towards the past is even worse because it mostly allows for people to tell a story about why they can’t do what they need to do. It was the fact that they didn’t get to go to college. It’s the fact that their parents got divorced. It’s the fact that they never had a good leader at work. These are facts. But what they mean is being misinterpreted and misapplied.A future orientation assumes the need to make progress. It means you to do what is necessary for you to have what you want tomorrow.You: UnchainedAll of this is about empowerment. You don’t need to wait for anyone to empower you. It’s a decision that you make. It takes only a split second to make that decision and everything changes. When you take ownership of your life, every part of your life, even the most difficult parts of your life, you are now empowered to make progress. There is nothing more practical than taking responsibility, or as I sometimes put it, “Everything is your fault.” Some people read that as a negative statement and suggest that goes too far. Not everything can be their fault. If you’re not making progress, you are not exercising your power.Progress comes slowly sometimes, with an occasional breakthrough. It sometimes requires two steps backward before you can move forward. But it never comes if you don’t do the work. Get the Free eBook! Learn how to sell without a sales manager. Download my free eBook! You need to make sales. You need help now. We’ve got you covered. This eBook will help you Seize Your Sales Destiny, with or without a manager. Download Now
All you need to know about the Dhola-Sadiya Bridge, India’s longest river bridge Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Friday inaugurated the country’s longest bridge over the Lohit river in Assam on the third anniversary of his government and said the NDA dispensation was working to make the northeast a trade hub for southeast Asia.Dedicating to the nation the 9.15 km-long bridge, named after Dadasaheb Phalke awardee and legendary lyricist-singer Bhupen Hazarika who hailed from Sadiya, he said it will serve as the foundation for a new economic revolution and help India in its efforts to become a superpower.Speaking on the Act East Policy, the Prime Minister said he wanted the northeast region to be well-connected for economic activity. “For this, we are laying stress on development of infrastructure and making the northeast a tourism centre. Lakhs of tourists would also come to Kamakhya temple and improve the economy,” he said.“Stress is now being laid on what was never done earlier… Electricity, roads, rail infrastructure and optical fibre network in the northeast will connect every corner of the region with the country,” Mr. Modi said.“The bridge will not only save money, reduce travel time but comes as a foundation for the beginning of a new economic revolution. That is why the whole nation has its eyes on this bridge.” “The reduction of distance by 165 km and cutting travel time by seven to eight hours will open new doors for economic development… The bridge will bring development to Assam and Arunachal Pradesh.”“For fulfilling India’s dream of becoming a top economically developed nation, a superpower, the northeast region is the place to begin with,” Mr. Modi said.“If development is to be made permanent, then infrastructure is the first requirement. It is on the two tracks of physical infrastructure and social infrastructure that complete development is achieved,” he said.The Prime Minister said the government has been striving for long-lasting development by creating permanent infrastructure for fulfilling the nation’s dreams.Also Read Ex-MLA who began it allHe recalled the role played by the former MLA Jagadish Bhuyan in the construction of the bridge as it was he who wrote to then Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee on May 29, 2003.“The government changed in the middle and your dreams got paused. If work had continued then you would have had the bridge 10 years ago. In the last three years efforts started to complete Vajpayee’s work,” Mr. Modi said.The bridge built at a cost of ₹2,056 crore is 3.55 km longer than the Bandra-Worli sea link. The length of the bridge, including viaducts, is 9.15 km with a 7.3 km approach road from the Dhola side and 12.5 km from Sadia side. With importance accorded to quick movement of military troops and artillery, the bridge has been designed to allow movement of tanks, official sources said.
The Special Investigation Team (SIT) of Goa police probing the illegal mining scam in the State on Thursday arrested Gitesh Naik, a mining contractor from Dhavli-Ponda (Goa), in connection with an alleged illegal mining case at Korgao in Pernem taluk of North Goa.The arrest was in connection with illegal mining activities as per a complaint filed by the Director of Mines and Geology, Prasanna Acharya, against former Congress MLA Jitendra Deshprabhu, a Congress politician, and others.Superintendent of Police Karthik Kashyap said on Thursday that the SIT found Naik to be involved in illegal mining, extraction of iron ore and transportation of ore from the mines at Korgao, owned by Mr. Deshprabhu. Naik was arrested in June 2011 for illegally extracting and transporting iron ore from the property owned by Mr. Deshprabhu. He was later released on bail.Mr. Kashyap said the case was complicated as the trail of illegal ore trade and exports and exploration spread over several years. The SIT is scanning documents and other evidence to expose and bring on record the criminal and illegal nexus between major mining players in the State. Most of the accused have obtained anticipatory bail from courts fearing arrests by the SIT. A large number of ore traders had established a criminal nexus with big mining players, who indulged in illegalities and irregularities, and officials of the State Mining and Geology.The SIT is investigating the ₹35,000-crore mining scam in the State as estimated by Justice (retd) M. B. Shah Commission of Inquiry. It recently arrested a second trader, Amalagiri Traders’ Philip Jacob, resident of Kerala, for committing theft of iron ore between 2007 and 2011.The SIT investigation had revealed that Jacob’s firm had a turnover of over ₹500 crore. Further a scrutiny of the firm’s bank statements revealed that more than ₹300 crore had been deposited by different exporters by way of RTGS transactions, and thereafter paid to mine owners in the State.Barely a month ago, the SIT had arrested Kancha Gaunder, a registered trader with the State Mines and Geology Department, in the multi-crore illegal mining case. Gaunder’s bank accounts showed huge transactions but he was not able to give a satisfactory reply about them, SIT had said. He allegedly paid huge sums to mining lease holders and illegal suppliers of ore for purchase of iron ore and sold it to exporters thereafter. The investigators also found that he had not filed returns for iron ore trading which caused a loss to the State exchequer. Besides traders, government and mining firm officials, former Chief Minister Digambar Kamat of the Congress, former Director of Mines arvind Loliyekar are among those being investigated by the SIT.An SIT official said that they have now decided to get to the root of the traders’ criminal operations by obtaining the list of iron ore traders who were registered and also those who had been rejected registration due to lack of proper documents or on suspicious documents they had submitted. After the illegal mining scam broke out and then Director Loliyekar was arrested and later released on bail. The probe showed that over 400 “traders” had been dealing in ore procurement and export. Over 300 traders were weeded out by the department by calling for a fresh scrutiny and implementing a new stringent registration procedure with genuine addresses, PAN numbers and other documents to check their veracity.
Uttar Pradesh’s madrasas have been asked to photograph and videograph Independence Day celebrations this year.While madrasas have criticised the order, calling it an attempt to test the patriotism of Muslims, government officials claimed that the move was only to document the best programmes held in madrasas on August 15. The controversy was triggered by a circular issued by the Madrasa Shiksha Parishad (MSP), the board that deals with examinations in madrasas, on August 3. The document laid out elaborate directions on how Independence Day celebrations should be conducted in madrasas.The circular was issued to the deputy directors (minority welfare) and district minority welfare officers, who would then ensure the implementation of the order. In directing madrasas to conduct “photography and videography” of the programmes, the MSP has argued that it was to identify the “best programmes” so that they could be “replicated”.Madrasas have accused the Yogi Adityanath-led BJP government of attempting to test the patriotism of Muslims. Mahtab Amrohi, manager of the Mehraj-ul-Uloom madrasa in Amroha, said the government’s monitoring was aimed at “creating suspicion” about Muslims. Not only did madrasas have a tradition of singing the national anthem on August 15, even on other days of the year, daily proceedings at his institution began only after the singing of the anthem, he said. Heads of madrasas also questioned why the government had not issued similar orders to other institutions run by the State, and to other religious communities.Suhebur Rehman, the Allahabad-based convener of the All-India United Ulema Forum, said the BJP government was “targeting Muslims” by asking them to produce “proof” of their patriotism.”Have they sent a similar notice to Sanskrit schools, municipalities, schools, colleges and other institutions? Why are they examining the patriotism only of Muslims,” asked Mr. Rehman.Government officials defended the circular. “The order was issued with a good intention. It clearly says that the videography is for the purpose of promoting good programmes,” said Rahul Gupta, registrar, Madrasa Shiksha Parishad, who issued the order.He dismissed the idea that the circular was to test patriotism in madrasas. “Not at all. We have defined each and every step. In fact, we don’t mind if there are anomalies or discrepancies in following the directions,” Mr. Gupta said.
Ahead of the Rashtriya Janata Dal’s BJP bhagao, Desh bachao (oust BJP, save country) rally scheduled to be held on Sunday, Patna has turned green with party flags, banners, posters, hoardings and huge welcome arches. Hundred of thousands of party workers and district- level leaders have already trooped into the city . The district administration has made elaborate arrangement for the proposed mega rally at the iconic Gandhi Maidan here.The huge billboards and posters depicting the RJD leader and his son and former Deputy Chief Minister Tejashwi Yadav as Bahubali have been put up at prominent thoroughfares and intersections on the roads leading to the rally ground. In other hoardings and banners, other members of Mr. Prasad’s family have been projected as deities and historical figures. In one poster, Mr. Prasad’s eldest daughter and party’s Rajya Sabha member, Misa Bharti, is shown as legendary warrior queen Rani Lakshmi Bai. In others, Tej PratapYadav is shown as Lord Krishna and his brother Tejashwi as Arjun. From a corner their parents Lalu Prasad and Rabri Devi are seen blessing them. Other posters take a dig at Prime Minster Narendra Modi, BJP national president Amit Shah and others for the “demonetisation scam”.The Gandhi Maidan has been decked up with huge green marquees and platforms. Massive welcome arches with the names of veteran socialist leaders such as Karpoori Thakur have been put up at the gates. The venue has two stages — one for the visiting leaders from other parties and the other for the RJD’s 80 MLAs.Hosting the cadreAll 80 RJD MLAs and other party leaders have made elaborate arrangements to host party cadre and workers. Huge tents have been erected on the lawns of MLAs’ residences and cooks have been hired to feed them. Rebel JD(U) leaders and Rajya Sabha members Sharad Yadav and Ali Anwar have arrived in Patna to participate in the RJD rally. The RJD has also released a list of 21 leaders, including West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee, former U.P. Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav, Congress leaders Ghulam Nabi Azad and C.P. Joshi, CPI leaders Sudhakar Reddy and D. Raja, participating in the rally.Members of the State’s ruling coalition, the JD(U) and the BJP, have taken a dig at the RJD for organising a rally “when the State is facing flood fury”. “It’s the height of insensitivity of RJD chief Lalu Prasad to call a rally when entire north Bihar is reeling under severe flood,” senior State BJP leader and Minister Nand Kishore Yadav said. The district administration has made security arrangements. “Over 20 CCTV cameras have been installed in and around the rally venue and 4,000 police personnel have been deployed,” Senior Superintendent of Police Manu Maharaj said.
The Union Ministry of Tribal Affairs has directed the Chief Secretaries of all States to ensure settlement of community claims and speedy implementation of the Forest Rights Act, 2006.As of January 30 this year, 20 States have received 1,39,266 Community Forests Rights (CFR) claims; of this 64,328 (46.19%) claims have been recognised. The States have been asked to review claims received since April 1, 2014, to ensure there have been no wrongful rejections. The Ministry regularly monitors the progress in distribution of title deeds. Claims receivedMadhya Pradesh has received the highest number of community claims (39,419) followed by Chhattisgarh (27,548). Himachal Pradesh received the least (68), followed by Tripura (277), Goa (372) and Rajasthan (700). Bihar and Uttarakhand reportedly did not receive any claims. Madhya Pradesh has recognised the highest number of these claims (27,275), followed by Chhattisgarh (14,161), Odisha (5,964), and Maharashtra (5,748).
Bhima-Koregaon violence: uproar over lawyer’s arrest Naxalite funds were used to sponsor the ‘Elgaar Parishad’ held in Pune’s Shaniwarwada Fort on December 31 last year, revealed the city police on Thursday.Joint Commissioner of Pune City Police, Ravindra Kadam, said that the authorities had “concrete proof” that the five activist-intellectuals arrested in Mumbai, Delhi and Nagpur on Wednesday morning had “direct or indirect links” with the outlawed Communist Party of India (Maoist).Those arrested include noted Dalit activist-publisher Sudhir Dhawale from Mumbai, prominent human rights lawyer Surendra Gadling, tribal activist Mahesh Raut and Nagpur University English Professor Shoma Sen from Nagpur, and activist Rona Wilson in New Delhi.All arrested were produced before the Sessions court today which remanded them to police custody till June 14.‘Definite links’“Our probe has disclosed that Gadling and Wilson had definite links with top Naxal leaders. The thread also leads to Dhawale…Raut, who was arrested earlier on suspicion of Naxal links is known to Ms. Sen,” said Mr. Kadam, explaining the linkages of the activists with Naxalites.Also Read He said that of the documents the police had scrutinized till now, there were indications that all five had indirect linkages with Naxal incidents that took place in Gadchiroli, Chattisgarh and Jharkhand.“However, further investigations will reveal whether or not they had any direct connection with the Bhima-Koregaon riots, which erupted a day after (January 1) the Parishad,” said Mr. Kadam, stating that the electronic devices seized from Mr. Gadling and Mr. Wilson were being forensically examined.The police further disclosed that a letter retrieved from Mr. Wilson’s computer was allegedly written to the activist by top Maoist leader Milind Teltumbde.In it, Teltumbde is believed to have expressed satisfaction at the successful conduct of the ‘Elgaar Parishad’. The police said that the names of Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangh (BBM) president Prakash Ambedkar, along with some Congress leaders, too, had allegedly cropped up in the letter.“As of now, I cannot reveal the contents or the references in the documents we are examining. They are part of the ongoing investigation,” said Mr. Kadam.
The Symbiosis International University (SIU) has suspended two faculty members of the Symbiosis Centre for Media and Communication (SCMC) on charges of alleged sexual harassment.The decision comes soon after the SIU last week sent the SCMC director Anupam Siddhartha on leave pending an inquiry.At least 10 girl students from the SCMC have alleged harassment at the hands of their peers and some faculty members, with the accusations flying thick and fast on social media early this month as the #MeToo movement gathered momentum.Principal Director of the Symbiosis Society, Dr. Vidya Yeravdekar, said that an inquiry was conducted by the Internal Complaints Committee (ICC) constituted to look into allegations made by the students against Mr. Siddhartha and faculty members regarding disciplinary and administrative issues.Following the interim report, two faculty members, Suhas Gatane and Vijay Shelar, have been suspended and allegations against Mr. Siddhartha, who was accused of inaction on harassment complaints against some faculty members, were being probed, Dr. Yeravdekar said.“In the midst of this investigation, we received a letter on Friday evening, signed by 106 students which made some shocking allegations against him [Mr. Siddhartha]. We immediately referred it to the ICC, which called him on Saturday for investigations. The committee has said that he should stay away from campus duties pending an inquiry,” Dr. Yeravdekar said.
Manoj Kumar Moharana, a youth from Odisha’s Ganjam district, set a Guinness World Record by making 36 vertical rotations of a toothpick in the mouth in one minute.For the 24-year-old post graduate in mathematics, this was Mr. Moharana’s second record. On August 28, 2017, he broke a Guinness World Record title that stood unbeaten for eight years by stuffing 459 drinking straws in his mouth.In his recent feat, displayed in Berhampur on September 5, he placed a toothpick in his mouth and rotated it vertically (360 degrees) 36 times in one minute using his tongue, breaking the earlier record of 32 rotations held by fellow Indian Dinesh Shivnath Upadhyay. Authorities of ‘Guinness Book of World Records’ recognised his achievement on October 22.Mr. Moharana hails from Bhabarada village of Ganjam district. For last three years, he has been trying to get his name mentioned in various record books. He said he had made similar attempts before. In 2015, he had tried to create a record in his field of mathematics. He had attempted to write squares of all numbers from 1 to 1000 from memory in 49 seconds. But,the panel did not accept it.
Sources said Mr. Gandhi’s mother and United Progressive Alliance (UPA) chairperson, Sonia Gandhi, and sister, Priyanka Gandhi Vadra, were present at the meeting at his residence.Sources says that a section of the Delhi leadership is firmly backing Tamradhwaj SahuMr. Sahu, who was the lone Congress candidate to win the 2014 Lok Sabha election in the State, was asked to fight the Assembly polls to keep him in contention for the top post. According to insiders, on Saturday, Mr. Kharge proposed Mr. Sahu’s name, but Mr. Bhagel, Mr. Deo and Mr. Mahant stoutly opposed it. They question Mr. Sahu’s contribution to the victory.Both Mr. Bhagel and Mr. Deo are evenly poised in terms of commanding support from cadre in the State. In Raipur, their supporters thronged their residences in a show of strength.The Central leadership has made it clear that with such a clear mandate, no individual candidate is left with a bargaining card. The decision, according to sources, will be made keeping in mind the Lok Sabha polls, just six months away. In previous three Lok Sabha polls, Chhattisgarh has handed out 10 of its 11 seats to the BJP, which was ruling the State. The Congress wants to ensure that this trend continues. Four days after winning a decisive victory in Chhattisgarh, the Congress on Saturday failed to announce the next Chief Minister of the State, with hectic lobbying by supporters of each contender going on in Raipur and in Delhi.The decision is now expected to he announced at a meeting of all 68 Congress MLAs-elect at 4 p.m. in Raipur on Sunday.Congress president Rahul Gandhi tweeted a picture with State leaders T.S. Singh Deo, Tamradhwaj Sahu, Bhupesh Bhagel and Charan Das Mahant, with a quote from LinkedIn founder Reid Hoffman: “No matter how brilliant your mind or strategy, if you’re playing a solo game, you’ll always lose out to a team.”Mr. Gandhi met all the four leaders, individually and together. At least three rounds of discussions have taken place. The Congress’s Central observer Mallikarjun Kharge, and Chhattisgarh party affairs in-charge P. L. Punia were present at the meeting.No matter how brilliant your mind or strategy, if you’re playing a solo game, you’ll always lose out to a team.– Reid Hoffman pic.twitter.com/TL5rPwiCDX— Rahul Gandhi (@RahulGandhi) December 15, 2018
A suspected lone tusker trampled five persons to death in two different villages in Odisha’s Angul district late on Thursday night.Of the five killed, three belonged to one family. They were sleeping on the verandah of their house in Sandha village in Angul district when the elephant attacked them. Forty-year-old Kalia Saar, who was a worker in a brick kiln, and his two-year-old and 12-year-old daughters died on the spot. Subsequently, the elephant attacked another woman in the same village and crushed her to death.After one hour of the incident, an elderly person was trampled to death in Santhapada, a few km away from the first village. The victim was identified as 70-year-old Bramarabar Samal, who had stepped outside his home to relieve himself.In 2018, as many as 92 persons died in elephant attacks in the country, the highest in a single year.“Initial reports suggested that the tusker was attracted to country liquor stored in a house in Sandha village. We have sought the help of experts from Nandankanan Zoological Park. We are now assessing the behavioural change in the elephant,” said V. Karthik, Divisional Forest Officer of Angul.The man-elephant conflict has assumed critical proportions in Odisha. According to the Wildlife Society of Orissa (WSO), an environmental pressure group, the State has lost 694 elephants while 661 human deaths were reported in elephant attacks in the last nine years. The year also saw 91 elephants losing lives, which is also a record. In the current month, three elephants have been killed while 10 human deaths have been recorded.“Acute human-elephant conflict continues unabated due to total lack of concern of the Odisha forest department. We anticipate more casualties this year as well,” said Biswajit Mohanty of WSO.Mr. Mohanty said, “In the fresh case if the elephant was a lone tusker, the animal being in an aggressive state of mind could attack more people. The forest department should immediately corner the elephant and prevent further attacks. At the same time, people should be asked to venture out of their homes cautiously.” Meanwhile, the forest department has already traced the tusker and is keeping a close watch on its movement. “We have paid ₹40,000 each for the deceased. They will get ex gratia as per government guidelines,” Mr. Karthik said.
Punjab Minister Sadhu Singh Dharamsot on Monday asked Navjot Singh Sidhu to resign from the State Cabinet if he cannot work with Amarinder Singh, a day after the Chief Minister accused the cricketer-turned-politician of “damaging” the Congress just before polls. As the tension between Amarinder Singh and his Cabinet Minister Navjot Singh Sidhu continues to simmer, more Ministers have come out in support of the Chief Minister. Amarinder Singh had on Sunday lashed out at the Punjab Tourism and Cultural Affairs Minister for his comments against him and the Congress leadership in the State claiming that Mr. Sidhu was perhaps “ambitious” and “wants to be the Chief Minister.” Following State Health Minister Brahm Mohindra backing the Chief minister, Forest Minister Dharamsot told reporters here on Monday that Mr. Sidhu’s recent remarks were “against party discipline” and one that could “harm the party”. “Sidhu’s remarks came at a time when entire Congress was unitedly fighting to ensure that the party wins all the 13 Lok Sabha seats in Punjab. The party high command should take notice of his comments. If Sidhu thinks he cannot work with Capt. Amarinder ji, then he should resign immediately,” Mr. Dharamsot said.‘High ambitions’ “I think his ambitions are very high and he remains dis-satisfied wherever he goes. When he was in the BJP, he was not satisfied there. Today, he may be eyeing the Chief Minister’s post, tomorrow even Prime Minister’s chair may not satisfy him. So, wherever he goes, he has problems,” he added. Mr. Dharamsot said the Congress gave more to Mr. Sidhu than he deserved and that he should not hanker for posts and berths.
Gigantic volcanic eruptions, far greater than the worst in human history, wracked Mars during its first billion years, say planetary scientists. These “supervolcanoes” spewed enormous quantities of carbon dioxide, water vapor, and sulfur dioxide into the atmosphere, affecting the climate—for good or for ill—at a time when life may have been struggling to arise.In 1972, NASA’s Mariner 9 spacecraft discovered that Mars boasts the solar system’s largest volcanoes. Olympus Mons, the greatest, is more than twice as tall as Mount Everest. These mountains are shield volcanoes, so named because they have the shallow slopes of a knight’s shield. Immense though they are, the volcanoes are gentle, like the ones in Hawaii, which usually erupt nonviolently. In contrast, the newfound supervolcanoes resemble the one in Yellowstone National Park, which erupted catastrophically 640,000 years ago. On Mars, the supervolcanoes blew themselves up and partially collapsed, so unlike Olympus Mons, they never grew tall and easy to see.In fact, their discovery was an accident. “I kind of stumbled into it,” says planetary geologist Joseph Michalski of the Planetary Science Institute in Tucson, Arizona. He was looking at craters in a region of Mars named Arabia Terra, which has volcanic ash but no known volcanoes. Says Michalski, “I found some craters in Arabia that didn’t really look like impact craters, and one of them in particular was obviously a volcano to my eye.”Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)So Michalski contacted volcanologist Jacob Bleacher of NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland. “This might be what old volcanoes look like on Mars,” Bleacher says. “They might not have these big, large structures to them like an Olympus Mons.” He says the supervolcanoes may solve a long-standing puzzle: “A large amount of the surface is covered by very old volcanic deposits for which we don’t know where the vents are.”Writing online today in Nature, Michalski and Bleacher identify seven possible supervolcanoes in northern Arabia Terra. “These were the most explosive volcanoes on Mars,” Bleacher says. The best case is one the scientists have named Eden Patera. “That one is definitely a volcano,” Michalski says.Eden Patera—”patera” designates a saucer-shaped object—sports a caldera 1.8 kilometers deep. Fresh impact craters can be deep, too, but they have debris that the impact ejected; Eden Patera doesn’t. Furthermore, its caldera, which spans 55 by 85 kilometers, has at least three depressions, suggesting three past eruptions.”The features they describe do look like volcanic craters to me,” says Lionel Wilson, a volcanologist at Lancaster University in the United Kingdom. “This discovery will help to broaden the picture of just what the range of conditions on Mars was.”Says Bleacher, “These eruptions have a very large impact on the climate of a planet and on anything that happens to be living there.” Volcanic debris can block sunlight and cool a world, but the supervolcanoes also vented greenhouse gases that likely warmed ancient Mars. Today, the martian atmosphere is so thin that the greenhouse effect raises the temperature only a few degrees. In times past, though, supervolcanic eruptions may have ejected so much carbon dioxide and water vapor that they gave the planet an enhanced greenhouse effect, which led to warmer temperatures. A mild climate would have allowed rivers and lakes to exist, giving life the opportunity to develop on a world 52% farther from the sun than Earth is. Indeed, planetary scientists have long known that some old regions of Mars possess dried-up riverbeds.Why would Mars host such violent volcanoes? The planet itself may be to blame. Its air is thin, so when magma reaches the surface, gas in the magma expands more explosively than on Earth. Also, the Red Planet’s surface gravity is only 38% of Earth’s, so martian magma can ascend faster, giving it less time to lose its gas.And why Arabia Terra? The crust there is thin, the scientists say, so magma can reach the surface fast, again giving it less of a chance to degas.Supervolcanoes are so hard to detect that they may lurk elsewhere, too. Says Michalski, “If there are many more examples, which we think there might be, then it’s hugely important” for the history of the martian atmosphere and climate.
Suddenly, the fire alarm goes off. Everyone is rushing for a door, but the exit sign glows at the other side of the room. Do you head toward it on your own or follow the crowd? More than 500 people were faced with this and other scenarios in an online simulation. The game was created to study people’s decision-making in an evacuation. Most of the insights into how people behave during an evacuation have come from interviews with survivors of real evacuations or from computer simulations, and even a few experiments with people (pictured above). By including players, the new game makes the computer modeling more realistic. One surprising result: People tend to follow the herd, even when others seem to be heading the wrong way. (Sometimes “wisdom of the crowds” is a misnomer.) The hope is that the game, described today in the Journal of the Royal Society Interface, will reveal safer ways to design buildings and evacuation procedures. Want to make it out alive? Play the game yourself.See more ScienceShots.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)
Offshore wind farms are turning into seal hunting grounds. The wind farms Alpha Ventus, 56 kilometers from Germany’s shores, and Sheringham Shoal (pictured), 23 kilometers from the United Kingdom’s shores, have become home for fish and crustaceans homing in on invertebrates like mussels clustered on the massive structures. These animals, in turn, attract harbor and gray seals (Phoca vitulina and Halichoerus grypus), researchers report this week in Current Biology. To make the discovery, the scientists attached GPS tags to seals of both species off the North Sea’s British and Dutch coasts—a popular spot for wind farms. They recorded seals visiting wind farms repeatedly, tracing out an unusual gridlike pattern as they swam from turbine to turbine (as in this video). This coordinated behavior suggested that the seals had found plentiful prey at each turbine. It’s still unclear whether these structures increase prey numbers or just concentrate them in one area; if it’s the latter, prey populations could suffer if more seals target these feeding grounds.
Each summer, leatherback sea turtles (Dermochelys coriacea) migrate thousands of kilometers from their tropical breeding grounds to feed in cooler waters. Yet how the animals know when to begin their long journey back south at the end of the season has mostly remained a mystery. New findings, to be published in an upcoming issue of the Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, suggest that leatherback sea turtles may be able to sense seasonal changes in sunlight by means of an unpigmented spot on the crown of their head—known as the pink spot (pictured). Researchers conducted an examination of the anatomical structures beneath the pink spot and found that the layers of bone and cartilage were remarkably thinner than in other areas of the skull. This thin region of the skull allows the passage of light through to an area of the brain, called the pineal gland, that acts as biological clock, regulating night-day cycles and seasonal patterns of behavior. The authors suggest that the lack of pigment in the crowning pink spot and thin skull region underlying it act as a “skylight,” allowing the turtles to sense the subtle changes in sunlight that accompany changing seasons, signaling them to return south when autumn approaches.
The visit of American President Donald Trump’s eldest child, Donald John Trump Jr, to India has come at a time when the country has been hit hard by a massive banking fraud. Thanks to billionaire jeweller Nirav Modi, the hard-earned money of India’s honest taxpayers are being transferred to an unknown location with the help of India’s second largest PSU bank, Punjab National Bank (PNB). The Nirav Modi-PNB scam is estimated to be about Rs 11,400 crore. Read it at One India Related Items
The Kantale sugar factory’s Indian investors, whose bribery complaint led to the arrest last year of President Maithripala Sirisena’s Chief of Staff, have taken the Sri Lankan Government to arbitration in Singapore after it failed to transfer the lands and equipment necessary for the project to proceed.Read it at Sunday Times Related Items
This California Girl is signing deals in Hollywood left, right and center! In a world where young wanna-be stars are pounding the pavements, Tina Sugandh, who writes her own songs, has signed with the publishing company Warner/Chappell Music; she’s also been signed on by CAA, the leading talent company in Hollywood – the babe loves to act too! And before we finish, Hollywood Records, a division of the Buena Vista Music Group, will be bringing out her first album titled Tabla Girl. Known for a repertoire that includes artists like Hilary Duff, Queen, and Los Lobos, the label plans to position Tina at the forefront of the global music craze.“I happened to get a meeting with Warner/Chapell and was signed instantaneously. They were amazed with the tabla, because no one has really seen it before!” recalls Tina.That landed her a meeting with Bob Cavallo, chairman of the Buena Vista Music Group, and former manager of such entertainment legends as Prince, Alanis Morissette, Earth, Wind & Fire. After hearing her sing “Mast Kalandar” and play the tabla, he offered her a deal on the spot.He says, “Tina is a unique and exceptional talent. Her exotic musical influences coupled with her artistry make her very special. There is nothing like Tina in the music industry today.”Indeed, Tina’s got quite a thing going with the tabla. It’s what sets her apart from the crowd. With her swooshing curtain of auburn hair, exotically made up eyes and a angel-like voice, Tina is all set to intrigue music fans in America. When she sits down to play the tabla, it’s an immediate sensation.“I started playing the tabla when I was eight,” recalls Tina, who comes from a regular “Sound of Music” sort of family. Her father, a senior professor, her mother who is a marketing manager and her older sister Seema, all sing, play various instruments and were quite a family draw in their hometown in New Jersey.Says Tina about her parents who are from Mumbai: “My mom used to sing on All India Radio and then she met my father and she taught him to sing! They look so cute together. They used to go to parties before we were born, I believe, and they would be just so entertaining to everybody, because my dad is just hysterical. He’s the greatest emcee I know, he does great mimicry and he’s a great actor.”The family would do shows for the community and once, when her father wasn’t feeling well, eight-year-old Tina took over for him and played “Rang Barsay” on the dholak. Her parents were so impressed that they upgraded her to the tabla.She says, “Afer the show, a lot of people would come up to us, mostly mothers and daughters, and they would say, ‘You know, I never thought of enrolling my daughter in tabla classes. Now I think I will!’”How difficult is it to play the tabla? Says Tina, “It is intricate and you do need a bit of muscles, so I guess the traditional role is for men, but I do see more women playing and it feels good. I remember I used to sit behind the tabla before the show was to start and people would look at me and think that I was tuning it for my father, and then they’d be so shocked when I would play!” The very first ghazal that Tina learnt was at the age of five – “Dil Ke Arman Ansoon Mein Bahegaye.” Interestingly, she doesn’t know how to write Hindi and learns the songs by jotting them down in English. Her parents would help her with the Hindi, Sindhi, Gujarati and Punjabi pronunciations. Her life was all-Americana at school and pure India after school, performing with her family in concerts and traveling to different cities to perform with them.“I was very blessed to have the childhood that I had, where I was performing Indian music every weekend, and because of that, my vocalizations are just a little bit unique,” says Tina. “When I sing mainstream pop, I kind of bend my notes in a slightly South Asian way. You’ll see what I mean when you hear me sing. And of course, the tabla is something nobody in mainstream has seen before!” It was probably the combination of the fact that she writes her own songs, as well as the fact that she meshes hip-hop with Indian dancing and plays the tabla that really got her noticed. Her first album is a blend of South Asian rhythms and ballads, with tabla and Indian strings.Like the true daughter of immigrant parents, Tina is an academic wiz too. She has a degree in biology from Rutgers University and graduated on the Dean’s list. She loves biology and has more doctors in her family than she can count.She devoted her weekends to making demos with friends and through these demos she managed to get a five minute meeting with her current manager: “I had just those five minutes to prove myself to them. I sang 15 songs for them, I played the guitar and showed them the tabla – and a little bit of hip-hop meshed with Indian dancing. They loved it and they recognized the need for the South Asian flavor in the mainstream. I was lucky to be signed with them right away.”Sean Sullivan, who along with Jay Jay French, represents Tina through their management company, Rebellion Entertainment, says: “There is wide acceptance of multicultural female pop singers in the U.S.,” such as J. Lo and Beyonce.Tina formed her band two months ago and has yet to go the club route. She says, “I think mainstream American music right now may be going through a bit of a female phase, but it definitely goes back and forth. You have a lot of male artists who are up and coming.”Did the big craze for all things Indian have anything to do with her success? She says, “I couldn’t be more grateful to be doing it at the time I am. It all seemed to come together a few years ago – you see little nuances of the South Asian flair everywhere. I’m really grateful for every little thing I see, from Missy Elliot to Bombay Dreams.” Tina says of her album, “The whole theme is mainstream pop with a flurry of Indian touches. My image, my look, my music, my instrumentation, my vocals, my dancing, everything. So it’s a very unique combination and I’m so excited to show it to America. It’s a very upbeat album and I think people will get a very positive energy from it.”Tina has just finished mixing the album and putting the final touches to it and is busy with the video and yhe worldwide promotion will follow later this year.So why is her album called Tabla Girl? “When I used to play the tabla, I used to have these little fans who would write to me and address me as Tabla Girl. It was so cute, I had to name my album that, because I was so grateful to have people even write to me!”Tina now lives in Los Angles where her record company and family are located, but commutes regularly to New York where her band and her business manager are based. She’s also meeting with casting agents for roles on TV shows through her talent agency in Los Angeles.“I have so many ideas in my head!” she says. ” I wanted to start a clothing line with a little Indian flair. There are so many rich gorgeous colors in South Asian clothes. I think they are just laughing – they need to be thrown on some beautiful clothes here and I think the combination could be very striking.” Maybe she should call her clothing line Tabla Girl too? “I should! I’ll say I got the idea from you! “You’ll be hearing from Tina at Christmas, since she’s performing on Hollywood Records’ “Christmas with the Kranks,” the companion album to the upcoming Revolution Studios comedy. She’s performing White Christmas in her own way, and she’s in great company, as the other singers on the album include Elvis Presley, Brenda Lee, the Ramones, Raveonettes, and The Brian Setzer Orchestra!“This is an exciting opportunity for me, both as a musician and as a South Asian, to be a part of the holiday tradition this season,” says Tina. “Most importantly, it is artistically very satisfying to be able to convey my biculturalism through my work, especially by incorporating instruments such as the tabla, harmonium and sitar in an American Christmas classic.”Tina is now featured on Walt Disney Pictures 13-song Ice Princess soundtrack. Tina has also been featured on both Around the World in 80 Days and Raise your Voice soundtracks. On Ice Princess Tina combines her mainstream pop music with a hint of Indian flair by adding Hindi lyrics to her diverse track.The track entitled, “T.here I.s N.o A.lternative” mixes rock, pop and Hindi to create an upbeat song that goes along with the Ice Princess theme. Tina says of this track, which was written for her upcoming debut album, “It’s so exciting and encouraging to hear the Hindi language placed right in between this great ensemble of mainstream pop songs. My dream of exposing the world to the South Asian culture is finally beginning!” So life seems very beautiful right now? “I have my family, which is the most important thing in the world. My career is second, but yes, it couldn’t be any better – and at times it’s a little bit scary! My managers and I, sometimes we hesitate to talk about it, how things are turning out so beautiful.”She dispels the notion that it’s all been like a fairy tale, because she says it’s been a lot of work and a lot of risk. “Every time you try to do something that is a little bit new – I’m not trying to go out there and be Brittney Spears – she’s great – but I’m trying to add something a little bit different to a market that doesn’t have it yet.“So any time you try to do something that’s a little bit daring you’re going to get a lot of doors slammed in your face. So it was not an overnight success at all. And there’s no way you can succeed in the business I’m in right now unless you have a strong sense of focus and discipline.”One of the tracks on the album is called “Aaja,” a sort of come hither to all those American fans who may know nothing about Indian music. Yes, fairy tale or not, 2005 may well be Tina’s year! Related Items