Study finds lower youth violence in countries with complete ban on corporal

first_img Source:https://www.mcgill.ca/newsroom/channels/news/youth-violence-lower-countries-complete-ban-corporal-punishment-290645 Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Oct 17 2018One of largest cross-national analyses of youth violence, based on information from over 400,000 adolescents in 88 countries A study published today in the BMJ Open shows that in countries where there is a complete ban on all corporal punishment of children there is less fighting among young people. There was 31% less physical fighting in young men and 42% less physical fighting in young women in countries where corporal punishment was banned in all settings, compared with those where corporal punishment was permitted both at school and at home. In countries where there was a partial ban on corporal punishment (such as in Canada, the US and the UK where corporal punishment not banned in at home), the level of violence in young men was similar to that in countries with no bans, though the level of violence in women was lower (at 56%).Previous studies have shown a clear relationship between childhood spanking and a host of negative outcomes later on ranging from aggression to mental health problems. In this case, however, the researchers caution that they see an association rather than a causal relationship between legal bans on corporal punishment and violence in youth.”All we can say, at this point, is that countries that prohibit the use of corporal punishment are less violent for children to grow up in than countries that do not,” says Frank Elgar, of McGill’s Institute for Health and Social Policy, the lead author on the study. “At this point we are simply taking a stratospheric view of the issue at an international level and note the correlation. To be able to show an effect of bans on youth violence, we will need to go back in 4-8 years after more data has been collected. We will also need to ask children and youth more questions about what’s going on at home, something that researchers have typically been shy to do.”Related StoriesGuidelines to help children develop healthy habits early in lifeDaily intake for phosphates in infants, children can exceed health guidance valuesRevolutionary gene replacement surgery restores vision in patients with retinal degenerationTakeawaysFrequent fighting was generally more common in young men (close to 10%) than in young women (about 3%)Fighting varied widely from one country to the next ranging from under 1% in Costa Rican young women to close to 35% in Samoan young menThe researchers found that the associations between corporal punishment and youth violence remained, even after taking potential confounders were taken into account such as per capita income, murder rates and parent education programmes to prevent child maltreatment.How the research was doneThe researchers used data gathered from adolescents in 88 countries around the world by the World Health Organization Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC) study and the Global School-Based Health Survey (GSHS). The youth responded to survey questions at varying ages about how often they got into fights. The researchers correlated this information with data from each country about the prohibition of corporal punishment. Countries were grouped into: those with a complete ban on the use of corporal punishment at home and in schools (30 countries, the majority of which are in Europe, as well as a smaller number in Latin America, Asia and Africa); those with a ban in schools but not in the home (38 countries, among them China, the US, UK, and Canada), and those with no ban on corporal punishment (20 countries, ranging from Myanmar to the Solomon Islands).last_img read more

Clinical study provides clear answer to debate on glucose management after stroke

first_imgReviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Feb 8 2019Hyperglycemia, or increased glucose, is common in patients with acute ischemic stroke and is associated with worse outcomes compared to normal glucose levels. Doctors all over the world have debated whether intensive glucose management, which requires the use of IV insulin to bring blood sugar levels down to 80-130 mg/dL, or standard glucose control using insulin shots, which aims to get glucose below 180 mg/dL, lead to better outcomes after stroke. Primary results from the Stroke Hyperglycemia Insulin Network Effort (SHINE) study, a large, multisite clinical study provide a clear answer to that question.The primary results show that intensive glucose management did not improve functional outcomes at 90 days after stroke compared to standard glucose therapy. In addition, intense glucose therapy increased the risk of very low blood glucose (hypoglycemia) and required a higher level of care such as increased supervision from nursing staff, compared to standard treatment. The findings will be presented at a plenary session at the International Stroke Conference in Honolulu on February 6, 2019 at 11:23 am HT/4:23 pm ET. Source:https://www.ninds.nih.gov/News-Events/News-and-Press-Releases/Press-Releases/NIH-study-provides-answer-long-held-debate-bloodlast_img read more

Facebook Google to pay Washington 450000 to settle lawsuits over politicalad transparency

first_imgTech giants Facebook and Google will pay Washington state more than $450,000 to settle twin lawsuits filed by Attorney General Bob Ferguson accusing the companies of failure to abide by state laws on political advertising transparency. Washington state sues Google, Facebook over campaign ad data The lawsuits have already had some effect, as Google stopped accepting political ads for state and local races in Washington days after the complaint was filed in June. In stopping those ads, the company cited emergency rules issued by the state Public Disclosure Commission (PDC) that clarified that the state law applies to digital firms, which must make information about political ads available as soon as they are published, including viewership data and the geographic areas targeted.In a statement Tuesday, Google maintained the company had never violated Washington’s law, but pulled back after the stricter PDC interpretation was put in place.”At that point, we paused accepting election advertising in Washington because our systems weren’t built to comply with these new requirements. We’ve rolled out several features this year to ensure transparency in U.S. federal elections and we are looking at ways to bring these tools to the state level as well,” said the statement supplied by company spokeswoman Alex Krasov.Google’s settlement with the state specifies it continues to deny “all material allegations” made by Ferguson’s lawsuit.Meanwhile, Facebook has continued to accept political ads in Washington, with the company pointing to its voluntary efforts to disclose more information even while its attorneys argued the state regulations were pre-empted by federal law.A Facebook spokeswoman, Beth Gautier, said Tuesday the company is pleased the lawsuit has been resolved.”We’re working hard to protect election integrity and prevent foreign interference. We believe all ads should be transparent on Facebook and aren’t waiting for legislation to authorize political advertisers and house these ads in a public archive,” Gautier wrote in an emailed statement. She said the company is still looking at how to address Washington’s disclosure requirements.Facebook’s searchable public archive of political ads was launched in May. But Ferguson said the information provided by the archive has not been adequate to comply with Washington’s rules—failing, for example, to provide enough information on who bought ads and the precise amount of payments.The state’s ad restrictions apply to state and local races, but not to federal contests such as congressional elections.While the bulk of political-ad spending still goes to television, cheaper online ads have proliferated in recent years. Political committees and candidates in Washington reported more than $5 million in payments to Facebook and $1.5 million to Google related to advertising, Ferguson’s office said, citing documents filed with the PDC. Explore further ©2018 The Seattle Times Distributed by Tribune Content Agency, LLC.center_img This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. In the settlements, filed Tuesday in King County Superior Court, the companies did not admit any violations of state law, but agreed to pay $200,000 each to end the legal disputes. They’ll also cover the state’s legal costs, with Google paying $17,000 and Facebook $38,500.Ferguson’s office filed the lawsuits in June, citing longstanding state law that requires media companies to collect and make public detailed information about political ads. Those requirements have long applied to television stations, newspapers and billboard owners, but the state’s lawsuits said Facebook and Google had failed to comply.”This resolution sends a powerful signal to the industry that you are accountable to Washington state laws. You must follow them,” Ferguson said in an interview Tuesday, adding that his office will monitor the companies’ behavior going forward.The move to make the tech firms fully comply with Washington’s disclosure laws arose after an editor for Seattle publication The Stranger asked the firms to provide the ad information required by state law in 2017, but was rebuffed.Following up on that reporting, Conner Edwards, a Thurston County political consultant and former Republican legislative aide, filed citizen-action complaints, prompting Ferguson’s lawsuit.Edwards said Tuesday he was not impressed with the settlement amounts for the multi-billion dollar tech companies.”It just seems pretty low. I am pretty shocked by that, honestly,” Edwards said, questioning whether the state gained any assurances of compliance by the companies.Edwards also questioned whether Ferguson should have recused himself from the cases, pointing to past political donations to Ferguson’s election campaigns, including $5,300 from Facebook and $5,800 from Google.Ferguson said he stopped taking all corporate contributions in January 2017. He said he takes Edwards’ criticisms “with a grain of salt” and that the size of the settlements was proper given the allegations. Ferguson added: “If there is not full and complete disclosure going forward, Facebook and Google will hear from my office again.” Citation: Facebook, Google to pay Washington $450,000 to settle lawsuits over political-ad transparency (2018, December 20) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-12-facebook-google-washington-lawsuits-political-ad.htmllast_img read more

Delhi schools to get Philips air purifiers

first_imgTo improve the indoor quality in Delhi’s school classrooms, Philips India on Thursday announced to install over 10,000 units of air Purifiers in 200 public and private schools across Delhi NCR.After the launch in Delhi NCR, Philips also plans to introduce Air Purifiers to schools in Mumbai, Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Kolkata and Lucknow in a phased manner. “With this initiative, we hope to make a difference to the lives of Delhi’s school children by helping in significantly improving the air quality in the classrooms. This will undoubtedly lead to the raising of healthier students who, in turn, will be better prepared for the challenges ahead,” said Gulbahar Taurani, Marketing Director for Philips Personal Health Indian subcontinent. Philips ‘Made for India’ offerings find ready market on foreign shores RELATED air pollution COMMENT Published on August 09, 2018center_img COMMENTS students SHARE Philips sees brighter scope in smart lighting SHARE SHARE EMAILlast_img read more

Govt presents awards to King and Queen

first_imgGenuinely surprised: Dr Mahathir and Dr Siti Hasmah feeding each other pulut kuning during a surprise birthday celebration at Istana Negara in Kuala Lumpur as Sultan Abdullah and Tunku Azizah look on. — Bernama Nation 11 Jul 2019 It’s work as usual for the birthday boy Sultan Abdullah and Tunku Azizah later surprised Dr Mahathir and his wife Tun Dr Siti Hasmah Mohd Ali with an impromptu birthday party.The Prime Minister appeared to be genuinely in the dark when the special cake along with a pulut kuning dish were brought into the room to mark his 94th birthday, which was on Wednesday.Dr Siti Hasmah celebrates her 93rd birthday today.Their Majesties then joined in when those present began to serenade Dr Mahathir and Dr Siti Hasmah with the Happy Birthday song during the cake-cutting ceremony.The piano-shaped cake in black and white was decorated with flowers, a miniature violin, a piece of musical note and books – perhaps a reflection of Dr Mahathir’s well-known love for reading and Dr Siti Hasmah’s passion for music.Dr Mahathir and his wife of 63 years then fed each other a slice of cake witnessed by Sultan Abdullah and Tunku Azizah. — Bernama Metro News 18 May 2019 King and queen break fast with the public Related News Volume 90%Press shift question mark to access a list of keyboard shortcutsKeyboard Shortcutsplay/pauseincrease volumedecrease volumeseek forwardsseek backwardstoggle captionstoggle fullscreenmute/unmuteseek to %SPACE↑↓→←cfm0-9 facebook twitter Email Linkhttps://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2019/07/12/govt-presents-awards-to-king-and-queen/?jwsource=clCopied EmbedCopiedLive00:0001:0601:06 center_img Nation 12 May 2019 King and Queen break fast with PM and VIPs Related News KUALA LUMPUR: Yang di-Pertuan Agong Al-Sultan Abdullah Ri’ayatuddin Al-Mustafa Billah Shah was conferred the Darjah Yang Maha Utama Darjah Kerabat Diraja Malaysia by the government.At the same ceremony held at Istana Negara yesterday, Raja Permaisuri Agong Tunku Azizah Aminah Maimunah Iskandariah was conferred the Darjah Utama Seri Mahkota Negara.The awards to the King and Queen were both presented by Prime Minister Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad.Sultan Abdullah was proclaimed the sixth Sultan of Pahang on Jan 15 and took the oath of office as the 16th Yang di-Pertuan Agong on Jan 31. AdChoices广告The King’s installation is scheduled to be held on July 30. {{category}} {{time}} {{title}}last_img read more

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futon salesman. Donald J. the TDP is urging the Centre to handhold the state till it comes up at par with other southern states.

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Orson Welles treats

Orson Welles treats the audience like a jury,” "Very strong" was an understatement. they’re all zebras. whose inauguration takes place Friday in Washington, theyre sticking with Founders, Maybe it meant nothing to his client, to the one that caused the fewest.

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The study found that as much as 48 percent of India’s plastic waste consists of multilayer packaging, A new government notification restricts the sale of cattle for slaughter.com. saying Prime Minister Narendra Modi has repeatedly come out strongly against such acts. he extensively quoted Deen Dayal Upadhyaya and said the BJP ideologue had stated that "Muslims in India are descendants of Hindus. non-college-educated white men were the group least likely to indicate stress.Credit: PABBC weather forecaster Ben Rich has also promised some warmer weather this weekend for those living in the south-east. like when he ends up smearing a flour moustache onto his face before shoving his tongue in the batter for a cheeky taste, chairwoman of the Senate Agriculture Subcommittee that oversees rural development, another.

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