Facebook Infant dies after being found unresponsive in a South Bend hotel room Twitter Google+ By Tommie Lee – May 13, 2020 0 671 Pinterest (“Ambulance” by Andrew Malone, CC BY 2.0) An infant found unresponsive in a South Bend hotel Wednesday afternoon was pronounced dead.St. Joseph County Police say they responded to a call at the Way Inn on State Road 933 around 12:30 p.m.A three month-old infant was transported to Memorial Hospital and never regained consciousness. The victim was identified as Arabella Silcox.The child was staying at the hotel with her parents and a two year-old sibling. The parents cooperated fully with investigators. Hospital officials reported no outward signs of trauma on the victim, and an autopsy was scheduled in Ft. Wayne on Thursday.Metro Homicide is investigating out of an abundance of caution. Facebook WhatsApp Pinterest Google+ IndianaLocalNewsSouth Bend Market Twitter WhatsApp Previous articleGov. Whitmer concerned that Michigan protesters could cause longer stay-home durationNext articleHoosier truckers getting recognition during pandemic, shutdown Tommie Lee
Darren Waller was front and center Friday, speaking to a largely British press corps after the Raiders practiced at The Grove in Watford, England, in preparation for their Week 5 game against the Chicago Bears.And while it seems like a big request to ask Waller to do more than he already has, given his status as the NFL’s leading receiver among tight ends, that may be the case Sunday against Chicago at Tottenham Hotspur Stadium in London.Tyrell Williams was listed as questionable with a …
The new record holders look identical to those alive today.Claimed 230 million years old, 100 million years older than the previous record holders, fossils of arthropods in amber (fossilized tree sap) were reported in PNAS (Schmidt et al., “Arthropods in amber from the Triassic Period,” PNAS August 27, 2012, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1208464109). The little bugs, including two mites and a fly, haven’t done much evolving in all that time. Science Daily and PhysOrg both quoted co-author David Grimaldi, a curator in the American Museum of Natural History’s Division of Invertebrate Zoology “and a world authority on amber and fossil arthropods,” expressing his surprise at this example of extreme evolutionary stasis:Two of the specimens are new species of mites, named Triasacarus fedelei and Ampezzoa triassica. They are the oldest fossils in an extremely specialized group called Eriophyoidea that has about 3,500 living species, all of which feed on plants and sometimes form abnormal growth called “galls.” The ancient gall mites are surprisingly similar to ones seen today.“You would think that by going back to the Triassic you’d find a transitional form of gall mite, but no,” Grimaldi said. “Even 230 million years ago, all of the distinguishing features of this family were there—a long, segmented body; only two pairs of legs instead of the usual four found in mites; unique feather claws, and mouthparts.”He didn’t specify who would think that. Presumably, he was referring to himself, or to other evolutionists. According to the BBC News, Dr. David Penney (U of Manchester) was just as surprised: “The results presented here skip the Jurassic entirely and go back a step further to the Triassic,” he said. “This was not expected.”Another evolutionary conundrum is that most living gall mites feed on flowering plants, which (in evolutionary time) would not appear on the scene for another 90 million years. The article offered the following theory rescue device:The ancient mites likely fed on the leaves of the tree that ultimately preserved them, a conifer in the extinct family Cheirolepidiaceae. Although about 97 percent of today’s gall mites feed on flowering plants, Triasacarus fedelei and Ampezzoa triassica existed prior to the appearance and rapid radiation of flowering plants. This finding reveals the evolutionary endurance of the mites.“We now know that gall mites are very adaptable,” Grimaldi said. “When flowering plants entered the scene, these mites shifted their feeding habits, and today, only 3 percent of the species live on conifers. This shows how gall mites tracked plants in time and evolved with their hosts.“The amber droplets were found high in the Dolomite Alps of northeastern Italy. To explain why they showed up there, Science Now explained, “were probably trapped during a 10-million-year climatic shift that caused the trees to produce more resin than usual,” without commenting on what this could imply for today’s political controversy over climate change. “Their presence in 230-million-year-old amber, researchers say, shows for the first time that mites evolved long before the appearance of flowering plants.”It shows no such thing. These are not “ancient” mites. They are identical to modern mites, so they are dead modern mites, OK? Grimaldi said so; he expected transitional forms, and they were not there. Why do we need evolutionists to explain away the evidence? This story is another example of how to understand the real finding, you first have to work your way past the Darwin Party guards who try to explain what you are about to see. Just let the evidence speak for itself. Notice their surprise in the abstract, and the immediate retreat to just-so storytelling:Antiquity of the gall mites in much their extant form was unexpected, particularly with the Triassic species already having many of their present-day features (such as only two pairs of legs); further, it establishes conifer feeding as an ancestral trait. Feeding by the fossil mites may have contributed to the formation of the amber droplets, but we find that the abundance of amber during the Carnian (ca. 230 Ma) is globally anomalous for the pre-Cretaceous and may, alternatively, be related to paleoclimate. Further recovery of arthropods in Carnian-aged amber is promising and will have profound implications for understanding the evolution of terrestrial members of the most diverse phylum of organisms.So let’s get this straight. Some highly complex creatures (complete with articulated limbs, mouth parts and specialized organs), which are also “very adaptable,” just lived in their little conifer-feeding niche for 230 million Darwin Years, having billions of kids exposed to a world of change – mutations, cosmic rays, meteor strikes, global extinctions, glaciers, earthquakes, tectonic plate subductions, volcanoes, mountain uplifts and climate shifts – to say nothing of the incessant evolutionary pressure to evolve – but lived out their entire history in some evolutionary Brigadoon. (This is known, we are told, as “evolutionary endurance.”) Now they show up in amber with no transitional forerunners and no morphological changes, oblivious to the Darwinian tale of the emergence of flowering plants, dinosaurs, mammals and man. Yes indeed: this will have profound implications for understanding evolution.Actually, the “understanding” produced, and the “profound implication” is this: evolution has been falsified (again). It’s not surprising, therefore, that complex, fully-functional arthropods are also found in the Cambrian explosion, where there are no transitional forms, either. David Grimaldi may be a world authority on amber and fossil arthropods, but not on following the evidence where it leads. “You would think,” he said, “you would find a transitional form.” In psychology, this is known as projection. One can only hope he would not think of imposing his anti-empirical thoughts on others. Now go show this to Bill Nye. 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Turkana Boy Debate ContinuesScientists cannot conclude even basic information from the most complete human skeleton ever foundby Jerry Bergman, PhDThe Turkana Boy or ‘Nariokotome Boy’ discovery was recently mentioned by Tomkins and a popular website that deals with human evolution. Called a “nearly complete” skeleton and well preserved (though missing most all of the hand and foot bones), it is actually only 40 percent complete based on the assumption that bones from one side of the body can accurately determine the traits of the bones on the other side. They thus can be used to construct some missing bones. Actually, aside from Lucy, Turkana Boy is the most complete evolutionary pre-human skeleton ever discovered. Most claimed early-man fossils consist of a few teeth, plus broken skull and other bone fragments. From these, entire species and populations are concocted by Darwinians.Consequently, finding a 40-percent-complete skeleton is a significant discovery. The bone count of Turkana Boy is 108 bones out of an average of 206 for modern humans, but the count may include some broken bones. From this lone skeleton an entire race of people has evolved, at least in the stories told by others, such as Professors Alan Walker and his wife Pat Shipman. The possibility that Turkana Boy was an unusual looking child in his culture was rarely considered. Instead, he is portrayed as typical of his people – just one of many unwarranted assumptions in the Turkana Boy story.This, one of the most complete so-called ancient man skeletons ever found, reveals that this ancient man is close to identical to modern men, actually within the range of modern humans. As usual, even in this case, much disagreement exists about his scientific classification. Some paleontologists label him an Homo erectus and others regard him as distinctive enough to be regarded as a separate species, which they call Homo ergaster. Professor Walker went further and even called him the “proverbial missing link between apes and humans.” This exaggerated claim is a good example of confirmational bias, meaning that one sees what one wants to see in the evidence. Comparisons of the bones with modern human bones show that claim is manifestly untrue except possibly for the skull, which will be discussed shortly. If only a few fossil bone fragments are discovered (as is the norm), usually even more controversy erupts about the status of the fragments. Controversy about early man fossils is the norm.The public press on Turkana Boy has been minuscule compared to that of Lucy, likely because this find was claimed to be 1.4 million years old by some experts and as old as 1.9 million Darwin years by others. By implication, little or no human evolution has occurred in 1.9 million years. This is a major blow to classical evolution. As far as we can tell, the only difference between Turkana Boy and modern humans is some Neanderthal traits in the skull. We now know, however, that Neanderthals are simply another human variation within Homo: i.e., another people group. The date of Turkana Boy illustrates that some of the other putative evolutionary ancestors cannot be our ancestors because they were close to contemporary with some modern humans such as Turkana Boy!In spite of its completeness, much debate still exists even on basic data, such as its age, the cause of death, and even its sex. For example, it was postulated that Turkana Boy suffered from some congenital disorder, either dwarfism or scoliosis because the rib bones appeared asymmetrical to the spine due to what appeared to be skeletal dysplasia. From this observation, the conclusion was his vertebrae were diseased, causing a subtle curvature and probably slow movement which may have contributed to his death. A 2013 study shows that, if the rib bones were more carefully arranged, the rib bones were actually symmetrical to the spine, disproving the skeletal dysplasia claim. Who’s right? Is the specimen normal, or disabled?Background of the Find and ControversyTurkana Boy was discovered by Kamoya Kimeu in West Turkana, Kenya, in 1984. The skeleton’s completeness has allowed scientists to learn a lot about body size, body shape, and growth rates of people of its time, though much of it still debated. Pelvis evaluation shows he was possibly male, but due to damage on the hip bones, the inference is not firm. Because his second molars had erupted, but not the third molars called wisdom teeth, he was determined to be a pre-adolescent. Microscopic teeth analysis indicates he was eight or nine years old, but other experts put his age at 11–12 years old based on known rates of bone maturity. He was about 5 feet 3 or 5 feet 5 inches tall and likely weighed 106 pounds.Turkana Boy’s cranial capacity was estimated as small as 700 cc by some, to as large as 900 cubic centimeters by others. It would probably have reached well over 900 to 1,100 cubic centimeters if he had grown into an adult. By comparison, modern humans living today have an average brain size of about 1,350 cubic centimeters and Neanderthals 1,500 cubic centimeters. Of course, there is very little relationship between cranial capacity of normal adult humans and human intelligence, so attempts to prove missing-link status by brain size are questionable.His disability, if it existed, could have hindered his movement. He had long legs and narrow shoulders, typical of humans living in hot, dry climates. His bones indicate he did not die from a predator attack because his skeleton shows no damage from either predators or scavengers. His jaw indicates that he had a diseased gum in the location where a deciduous molar, a baby tooth, was shed. An infection could have set in and he may have died of septicemia (blood poisoning), but others dispute this conclusion.Turkana Boy likely made and used stone tools including both stone cores and flakes and even large cutting tools such as hand axes. The term “Ergaster” is derived from the Greek word for “workman,” in reference to the comparatively advanced Acheulean technology this group developed. From this observation, a novel was completed by a French author claiming that Turkana Boy was on the brink of modern human evolution.Racism Continues in Evolutionary AnthropologyArtwork of Turkana Boy, as illustrated below, shows him with exaggerated African traits. This shows racism, because traits like skin color and nose shape are not preserved in fossils. Thus, the racial inference is due to artistic license. The artwork continues a long Darwinian tradition that assumes blacks are less evolved than whites, as believed by racists and the Ku Klux Klan for the last century. The main so-called ‘primitive’ traits include low sloping forehead, strong brow ridges, and the absence of a chin – traits typical of Neanderthals.This image may not be used in any context outside of mainstream science without the express permission of Atelier Daynes. Permission must be cleared for use by museums, in exhibitions, private use and front covers. No use in articles about Elisabeth Daynes or the Atelier Daynes.Turkana Boy model. Reconstruction of Turkana Boy, a specimen of the hominin Homo ergaster. Also known as Nariokotome Boy, this specimen is catalogued as KNM-WT 15000. It consists of an almost complete fossil skeleton, and dates from around 1.5 million years ago. It was found in 1984 near Lake Turkana in Kenya. This specimen is sometimes classified as Homo erectus. Reconstruction by Elisabeth Daynes of the Daynes Studio, Paris, France. Wikimedia CommonsSummaryEven when a largely complete, well-preserved skeleton of a claimed ancient man is located, much debate still arises about even the basic facts about the human that possessed it. One must remember that a skeleton is only 15 percent of the human body, and because most human fossils consist of only small fragments, it is much more difficult to extrapolate facts from the fragments. Consequently, 85 percent of the body cannot be evaluated, and interpretations and extrapolation must be made from the 15 percent available for study.References Jeffrey Tomkins. “Homo Erectus: The Ape Man that Wasn’t.” Impact, October 2019,pp. 11-13. Factsanddetails.com Walker, Alan and Pat Shipman. 1996. The Wisdom of the Bones: In Search of Human Origins. New York, NY: Alfred A. Knopf. Tomkins, p. 11. Maina Kiarie. “Homo Ergaster & Homo Erectus.” http://www.enzimuseum.org/the-stone-age/stone-age-ancestors/homo-ergaster. Walker, Alan and Pat Shipman.1996. Book jacket. Homo ergaster. 2018. ScienceDaily. https://www.sciencedaily.com/terms/homo_ergaster.htm. MacLarnon, Ann M. 1993. “The vertebrate canal,” in: Alan Walker, Richard Leakey (Eds.). The Nariokotome Homo Erectus Skeleton. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, pp. 359–390. Schiess, R., and M. Haeusler. 2013. “No Skeletal Dysplasia in the Nariokotome Boy KNM-WT 15000 (Homo erectus)—A Reassessment of Congenital Pathologies of the Vertebral Column.” American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 150 (3): 365–374. Brown, F. J. Harris, R. Leakey and A. Walker. 1985. Early Homo erectus skeleton from west Lake Turkana, Kenya. Nature, 316(6031):788–792. Walker, Alan; and Richard Leakey. 1993. The Nariokotome Homo erectus Skeleton. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer Nature Group, p. 235. Clinton, Keely. 2015. “Average Cranium/ Brain Size of Homo neanderthalensis vs. Homo sapiens.” https://www.cobbresearchlab.com/issue-2-1/2015/12/24/average-cranium-brain-size-of-homo-neanderthalensis-vs-homo-sapiens. Beauchemin, Jean-François and Jessica Moore. 2012. Turkana Boy. New York, NY: Talonbooks, p. 62. Dilthey, Max Roman. 2018. “What Percentage of Body Mass is Bone?” https://www.livestrong.com/article/368497-percentage-of-body-mass-bone/.Dr. Jerry Bergman has taught biology, genetics, chemistry, biochemistry, anthropology, geology, and microbiology at several colleges and universities including for over 40 years at Bowling Green State University, Medical College of Ohio where he was a research associate in experimental pathology, and The University of Toledo. He is a graduate of the Medical College of Ohio, Wayne State University in Detroit, the University of Toledo, and Bowling Green State University. He has over 1,300 publications in 12 languages and 40 books and monographs. His books and textbooks that include chapters that he authored, are in over 1,500 college libraries in 27 countries. So far over 80,000 copies of the 40 books and monographs that he has authored or co-authored are in print. For more articles by Dr Bergman, see his Author Profile.(Visited 720 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
30 April 2007Diamond mining giant De Beers has launched the deep-water mining vessel, the Peace in Africa, to operate off the Namaqualand coast in the Northern Cape, where it will remain for two years.The Business Report stated on Sunday that the R1.2-billion vessel could be the key to new wealth for the mining company, which told them the project offers the prospect of “good quality and profitable” diamond production, making a vital contribution to the South African economy.According to the paper, the Orange River discharges an estimated 60.4-million tons of sediment annually and De Beers hopes to track down the diamonds that have been flowing into the sea with the Peace in Africa.Mining starts in June and the vessel is expected to have an operating lifespan of 30 years, producing about 240 000 carats of diamonds per year. According to the paper, the ship has a crew of 60 carrying out 12-hour shifts, staying at sea for 28 days then taking 28 days leave.“Should results from this marine mining operation exceed expectations, we will certainly be considering additional vessels,” De Beers’s managing director David Noko told Business Report.The vessel is equipped with a large remote-operated undersea crawler and has on-board diamond recovery treatment, enabling it to reach areas where divers cannot operate safely.The drill and the sea crawler loosen the seabed sediments, which are then airlifted or pumped to the vessel for processing.Project manager Glenn Black told Moneyweb that the launching of the vessel was a landmark achievement for De Beers, which was already using similar crawling technology to mine for diamonds off the coast of Namibia.Moneyweb states the exploration site is exceptional in that 95% of the diamonds being found are expected to be of gem quality.He added that the company was excited that it was contributing to socio-economic improvement and boosting employment in the impoverished Richtersveld are of the Northern Cape.“It is a significant achievement for De Beers as it took us a number of years to build confidence on the project,” he said.Mining Weekly further reported last week that the company is to turn Port Nolloth into a marine mining hub servicing the area, by spending some R6-million on replacing the jetty crane, repairing the jetty surface and pedestrian walkways and providing additional security.De Beers’s supply chain general manager Wim van Vliet said that the facility service and support De Beers Marine’s vessels in Namibia and South Africa.Northern Cape Premier Dipuo Peters told Mining Weekly that need to develop engineering, technological and project management skills to take full advantage of the province’s natural resources.“This is an opportunity to turn around the fortunes and image through diamonds in the Northern Cape,” she said.SouthAfrica.info reporter Want to use this article in your publication or on your website?See: Using SAinfo material
Related Posts Why IoT Apps are Eating Device Interfaces Role of Mobile App Analytics In-App Engagement sarah perez Tags:#apps#mobile#news Unity’s porting software has actually been in testing for many months now. Since the launch of Unity Pro for Android’s preview release last summer, over 50 game developers have ported titles from iOS to Android including those mentioned above plus games like Rocket Bunny, Abduction, Samurai II: Vengeance, Breakout Kings, Castle Warriors, Doodle Bowling and others.This week’s big news is that Unity has also introduced a more affordable version of this software, Unity for Android. Unity Pro for Android is a $1,500 add-on to Unity’s development platform Unity Pro, while the newer Unity for Android is a $400 add-on to the free version of Unity. A full feature comparison is available here.With the release of a more affordable porting tool for Android developers, Unity hopes to improve the quality of the games on the Android platform. Says Nicholas Francis, Chief Creative Officer at Unity Technologies, “now we’re doing the full launch of our product and can’t wait to see what kind of amazing things people will develop.”Unity Technologies currently has over 400,000 registered users worldwide including major brands like Bigpoint, Cartoon Network, Coca-Cola, Disney, Electronic Arts, LEGO, Microsoft, NASA, Ubisoft and Warner Bros. But it attracts indies, students and hobbyist developers, too. The developers use Unity’s tools to build games for the Web, mobile and consoles as well as to create other interactive 3D content including training simulations and medical and architectural visualizations.FeaturesFor those interested, Unity for Android offers the following:Integrated Editor — Users can deploy a single project to multiple platforms, including Android, using a one-click solution that just works. Porting a game from iOS to Android can be as simple as changing the target platform and clicking “Build.”Support for upcoming Android devices, including Tegra Tablets and the Sony Ericsson Xperia PLAY Smartphone — Users can be among the first to benefit from releasing games on the exciting range of Android-based gaming platforms.Highly Optimized Graphics Pipeline for OpenGL ES 2.0 — Unity Technologies has been working directly with hardware manufacturers such as NVIDIA and Qualcomm to get every last bit of performance out of Android so that users can create stunning games without worrying about the subtle difference between devices.Android Remote — Developers can use their actual Android phone as an input device to view and test their game directly within the authoring tool.Downloads are available here. The Rise and Rise of Mobile Payment Technology What it Takes to Build a Highly Secure FinTech … At this week’s Game Developer Conference in San Francisco, Unity Technologies made its Unity Android software commercially available to developers who want to port their existing iOS titles to the Android platform. According to the company, the process of porting a game from iOS to Android can be as simple as changing the target platform and clicking “Build.”Fast Porting, More Affordable PricingIn practice, there may be a little bit more involved than the one-click porting process described by the software maker. Developers whose testimonials were included in Unity’s press materials cited time frames of days or weeks.For example, Marc Andreoli, Partner at GameResort LLC, said that porting its iOS game Stupid Zombies to Android took less than 2 days to fully port and do some fine tuning. Pat Toulouse, President of Ratrod Studio, said that porting its Drift Mania Championship title took less than a week, and Benjamin Vu, Co-Founder and President of SkyVu Pictures, said that porting Battle Bears from iPhone to Android took less than two weeks.Of course, these testimonials were compliments, not complaints. All three firms were very happy with the Unity solution.
R AshwinWhy R Ashwin was not played in the crucial semi-final between India and Pakistan is the question that stumped many cricket bookies and punters.One of the bookies said on Wednesday that they were positive that India would still be able to win the match against Pakistan after the hosts scored 260 runs. “At one time when Virender Sehwag and Sachin Tendulkar were going well, there was speculation that the score could reach 350 and there were many bets to that effect also.However, 260 was a surprise as, most of the punters had bet that India would easily go past 300,” said the bookie. He added that even after India had scored 260 which seemed to be a below par score, the odds were still stacked against Pakistan. India was going at 70 paise while Pakistan at Rs 1.40.
Mario Mandzukic sealed the winner in Atletico’s 2-1 aggregate win over Real MadridA 2nd-minute goal by striker Mario Mandzukic gave Atletico Madrid a 1-0 win against Real Madrid in the second leg of the Spanish Super Cup on Friday and overall victory with a 2-1 aggregate score.The first match was a 1-1 draw.A long kick by Atletico goalkeeper Miguel Moya was headed skywards by Madrid defender Raphael Varane and Atletico’s midfielder Antoine Griezmann then directed the ball toward newly-signed striker Mandzukic, who beat goalkeeper Iker Casillas with a powerful shot.Atletico had already begun strongly with two fast-paced attacks in the first minute.Madrid’s new signing James Rodriguez began the match on the left wing with Cristiano Ronaldo rested on the bench alongside new goalkeeper Keylor Navas.It was not until the 25th minute that Madrid threatened Moya’s goal with a shot by Rodriguez.The Super Cup is a two-legged match-up played before the Primera Liga season starts between the champions of the previous Liga – Atletico this year – and the winner of previous season’s Copa del Rey – Madrid.The last time Atletico won the Super Cup was 29 years ago.”To have won this match against a rival as important as Real Madrid gives us energy to focus on what will follow,” said Atletico coach Diego Simeone, whose team lost to Madrid 4-1 in the Champions League final in May.Angel Di Maria and Sami Khedira were not included in the squad by Madrid coach Carlo Ancelotti. The Italian coach had previously said Di Maria had rejected Madrid’s offer for an extension and was hence looking to transfer to another club, with Manchester United reportedly keen on the Argentine winger.advertisementFrance winger Griezmann hit a long shot in the 15th minute that was deflected for a corner, a move that led to a period of pressure on Madrid’s goal.With Atletico defender Juan “Juanfran” Torres off the field receiving treatment for a cut lip that had stained his jersey with blood, Madrid launched a rapid attack that ended when Moya saved Rodriguez’s 25th minute shot.Shortly afterward, the referee ejected Simeone for dissent after the Atletico coach had vociferously called for Torres’ rapid reincorporation onto the field because his treatment had finished.Madrid tried to keep the pressure up and Rodriguez headed just wide of the post in the 36th, and two minutes later Gareth Bale shot just wide from a pass supplied by the Colombia forward.”We lost control of the match trying to play too many long balls without enough possession,” said Ancelotti. “The second half was more complicated, we gave Atletico more chances to defend just as they wanted to.”Raul Garcia hit a long shot in the 44th that forced a save from Casillas. A minute later Garcia narrowly missed with a header from a corner kick just before Rodriguez countered with his third attempt on goal.Ronaldo came on in the second half but Atletico maintained the pressure and Garcia came close to scoring the second when his 48th-minute shot was tipped by Casillas onto the frame of the goal.Madrid threaded a skillful passing attack past Atletico’s midfield in the 61st, but it ended with Moya saving Ronaldo’s shot.With Simeone pacing in the stands, Ronaldo hit a free kick into the defenders’ wall in the 68th.This was followed by another period of pressure from Atletico that saw two shots go just wide in three minutes.Midfielder Luka Modric was ejected on a second yellow card in stoppage time and teammate Sergio Ramos just missed a header that could have led to extra time.
APTN National News OTTAWA—Three major First Nation organizations representing chiefs from British Columbia, Manitoba and Quebec, said Friday the federal Liberal government’s announced changes to the pipeline review process doesn’t quite go far enough.The Assembly of First Nations of Quebec and Labrador (AFNQL), the Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs (AMC) and the Union of British Columbia Indian Chiefs (UBCIC) issued a statement Thursday saying they want deeper changers to consultation and the environmental assessments of proposed pipeline projects.Natural Resources Minister Jim Carr and Environment Minister Catherine McKenna unveiled transitional changes to the review process of TransCanada’s Energy East and Kinder Morgan’s Trans Mountain pipeline projects.The ministers said the federal government would be directly engaging First Nations in consultation on the projects beyond the regulatory review process led by the National Energy Board (NEB).The chiefs from the three organizations said the changes do little to improve the NEB, which they consider as simply a “rubber stamper that pays only lip services to the respect for the position for the positions and rights of First Nations.”Grand Chief Stewart Phillip, president of the UBCIC, said he was particularly concerned about Kinder Morgan’s Trans Mountain pipeline.Phillip acknowledged that the Liberal government has said it plans to engage in direct consultation with First Nations once the NEB wraps up its review in May of the pipeline project which will carry Alberta-mined bitumen to Burnaby, B.C.“Ultimately, how are we any better off today than yesterday as far as the Kinder Morgan project goes?” said Phillip. “What we need is the federal government’s willingness to take no for an answer from First Nations like Tsleil-Waututh Nation who are exercising their sovereign decision-making power.”AFNQL regional Chief Ghislain Picard said the Liberals should have first consulted with First Nations before unveiling their changes to the pipeline approval process.“We could have signaled ahead of time that such reforms did not go nearly far enough,” said Picard. “At a time when First Nations are already suffering major climate change related impacts to their ways of life, one of our main concerns is that the new climate test that these pipelines will be subjected to will not sufficiently reflect the urgency with which we need to reduce emissions and get off fossil fuels.”Carr said Wednesday that the Liberal government would be consulting with First Nations before introducing an overhaul of the regulatory approval process of pipelines and other large natural resource projects. He said the changes announced Wednesday will remain in place until the federal government unveils its permanent retooling of the approval process.AMC Grand Chief Derek Nepinak said some of his organization’s member First Nations were “shocked” the Liberals did not apply the additional consultation promised for the Energy East and Trans Mountain projects to Enbridge’s proposed Line 3 project.“The threat of climate change is such that the real issue is whether we will survive as a civilization and whether there will even be an economy left to speak of,” said Nepinak.The Iroquois Caucus, which represents the communities of Kanesatake, Kahnawake, Akwesasne, Oneida Nation of the Thames, Six Nations, Tyendinaga and the Wahta Mohawks, also issued a statement saying while they still oppose Energy East, the communities are still looking forward to consultation with Ottawa.“We are willing to meet with the senior Crown representatives to participate in the development of a meaningful process that is consistent with the historic Two-Row relationship with the Haudenosaunee and the legal obligations of the Crown to address and accommodate First Nation concerns including the shortcomings of the (NEB) process,” said the statement.In an interview with APTN during the last federal election campaign, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said he believed First Nations had the right to reject projects on their [email protected]@APTNNews